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  • Andrena: A Closer Look

    By Travis Owen Spring is here! And with it, a new season of bees. Honey bees, having spent the winter clustered for warmth and feeding on honey stored from the previous year, are well adapted to take advantage of the earliest of blooms on sunny days, especially with the disconcertingly dry winter we've had in the Rogue Valley. Bumble bee queens are also out and about looking for potential nest sites, and looking for nectar to replenish themselves after their long winter dormancy. Despite the widespread recognition by the lay observer of the honey bees and bumble bees, the most speciose group of early spring bees are the mining bees in the genus Andrena. There are roughly 550 species of Andrena in the United States and Canada, with at least 1500 species worldwide. At least 200 species are found in the Pacific Northwest. Andrena are found all around the world except Australia, South America, and Antarctica (there are no bees in the Antarctic circle). Most species are active in early spring, and there are a relatively small selection of species active in autumn. They are typically small, yet some species are roughly the size of a honey bee. The related species Perdita are the world’s smallest bees with the highest diversity in the Southwestern US and Northwestern Mexico. Some species of Perdita are smaller than mosquitos! The Andrenidae, the taxonomic family that contains Andrena, Perdita, and many other genera, is the largest taxonomic bee family with 45 genera worldwide. The majority of Andrena species are univoltine, where there is only one generation per year. Some species are bivoltine with two generations per year. Most species go through their dormant period (winter in North America, though there are winter-active species overseas) in diapause as adults, which likely gives them the advantage of being able to emerge quickly once conditions are favorable. If environmental conditions are not ideal for the flowering plants they depend upon, some species have been known to remain in diapause for at least two years before emerging. Most Andrena are solitary, meaning every female excavates and provisions her own nest. Some species are communal and dozens of females will share a single nest entrance, but they still lay eggs in their own cells inside the communal nest. It's comparable to a New York apartment building, where neighbors share a front entrance but still have to buy all their own groceries. Some Andrena nest in large congregations where nest entrances may be as close as an inch apart. Nest entrances may be hidden under leaves or fallen branches, and nests may be excavated in various soil types (i.e. sand or clay). Unlike honey bees, Andrena excavate tunnels straight down into soil. They are very common in lawns and sometimes nest in soil covered by vegetation, unlike most other ground dwelling bees. Cells branch off the main shaft on short lateral tunnels. Nests of Andrena are typically between 6-12" (15-30cm) deep, but desert dwelling species nests can be incredibly deep. Andrena, like many solitary ground nesting bees, line their cells with a wax like substance produced from the Dufour's gland on the underside of the abdomen, and spread it around the cell wall with the trowel-shaped pygidial plate located at the tip of the abdomen. The waxy substance protects the larvae from bacterial infections and retains the moisture in the cell, reducing the risk of desiccation. Andrena also use the Dufour's gland secretions to mark the entrance of the nest to help them find the nest via the odor, especially important in communal nests where keeping intruders out is of great concern. Additionally, female Andrena scent-mark flowers with Dufour's gland secretions where resources were good so they may return on the next foraging trip. Andrena are short tongued bees, and most forage for nectar on flowers with easily accessible nectar. Unlike honey bees and bumble bees, which use their proboscis more like a straw, short tongued bees lap up nectar not unlike a cat. This doesn't mean all Andrena can't access nectar in larger or deeper flowers, some species have longer mouth parts or special adaptations that enable them to reach hidden nectar. Many species are pollen specialists and only collect pollen from a narrow range of plant species. For example, some Andrena species only collect pollen from Asteraceae (sunflower family), Apiaceae (parsley family), or willows (Salix spp.). The specialists will still collect nectar from a wider range of plants, including many nonnative plants. Most species aren't terribly picky, and some are important pollinators of cultivated plants in gardens and agricultural settings, though mining bees aren't commercially managed like alfalfa leafcutter bees or orchard mason bees. Like many of the solitary bees, male Andrena emerge from diapause before the females. Males do not actively collect pollen, but they do feed on nectar. While male bees are not usually often valued for their pollination services, male Andrena do serve important roles in the pollination of some plants like bee-mimic orchids (Ophrys spp.) in Eurasia and Northern Africa where the orchids live. The bee orchids are only pollinated by male bees who are duped into thinking the orchid is a female ready to mate, and they receive nothing for their efforts. For most other plants, males may be superior pollinators on a per bee basis. Female Andrena collect much larger amounts of pollen than males, but most of that pollen goes to the nest instead of the next flower since females frequently and thoroughly groom the pollen into their scopae (specialized pollen carrying hairs). Males don't groom frequently, and on a per bee basis likely deposit more pollen than females. Males don't visit nearly as many flowers as females, and are generally smaller in size. The importance of any pollinator to a specific plant species depends on how effective each flower visit is in regards to collecting or depositing pollen, and the rate of visitation. On a net basis, females are more important pollinators for the majority of plants visited. Flower visits by Andrena aren't always mutually beneficial. Some Andrena are nectar thieves of certain flower types, accessing the nectar without contacting the anthers or stigma and thus being of no benefit to the plant. Nectar is a metabolically expensive incentive plants make that is meant to attract pollinators to facilitate plant reproduction. Some plants keep the nectar hidden within parts of the flower inaccessible to some pollinators. This excludes the least effective pollinators for a particular plant species and encourages the best pollinators for the particular flower type (or at least that's how it's supposed to work). Many bees cheat by making incisions in the sides of the flowers to bypass the reproductive organs altogether and access the nectar directly. Despite being occasional nectar thieves, Andrena are very important early pollinators for many plant species. In some areas, they are the most abundant bee when the weather is cool. Although they are active in early spring in low elevations, they are active in early summer in higher altitudes such as subalpine and alpine mountainous environments. In either high or low elevations, Andrena can't warm their bodies the way that bumble bees do by vibrating their flight muscles and burning calories for warmth. All bees are ectothermic (cold blooded), while some bees, like bumble bees, are facultatively endothermic (having the ability to warm themselves). To cope with cool environmental conditions, Andrena sunbathe on sunny vegetation until their body temperature is adequate for flight. Most Andrena feed on nectar and pollen from a very wide range of plant types. While there are many specialist species, most are highly adaptable generalists. Species whose ranges span multiple ecoregions (such as A. prunorum which is found throughout most of the west in the United States and Canada) are not picky eaters, and may feed on completely different plant species in different parts of their range. There are species that collect pollen from many wind pollinated plants, like grasses and oak catkins. Planting flowers for Andrena in the garden is not challenging, so long as you include many species with open or small flowers. Some of the plants in my garden that I have observed Andrena visiting include bulbs (i.e. Crocus; Scilla), strawberries, Apiaceae (Lomarium; others), California lilac (Ceanothus), Berberidaceae (Epimedium; Mahonia), and many others. It's worth experimenting and observing to see what they like, but if you include a large diversity of flower shapes and overlapping bloom periods, there are good odds you'll see some Andrena. Sources: Danforth, Bryan. The Solitary Bees: Biology, Evolution, Conservation. 1st ed., Princeton University Press, 2019. Fowler, J. (2020). Pollen Specialist Bees of the Western United States. Retrieved from Michener, Charles. The Bees of the World. 2nd ed., Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. Miliczky, Eugene. “Observations on the Nesting Biology of Andrena (Plastandrena) Prunorum Cockerell in Washington State (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae).” Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, vol. 81, no. 2, 2008, pp. 110–21. O’Toole, Christopher. Bees: A Natural History. First Edition, Firefly Books, 2013. Stephen, William Procuronoff, et al. The Biology and External Morphology of Bees. Amsterdam University Press, 1969. Tang, Ju, et al. “Pollinator Effectiveness and Importance between Female and Male Mining Bee ( Andrena ).” Biology Letters, vol. 15, no. 10, 2019, p. 20190479. Wilson, Joseph, and Olivia Messinger Carril. The Bees in Your Backyard: A Guide to North America’s Bees. Princeton University Press, 2015.

  • When we slow down, we see amazing things at The Pollination Place

    By Cindy Harper, PPRV volunteer As a longtime volunteer and supporter of Pollinator Project Rogue Valley, I've had the pleasure of helping create the Pollinator Count Project. Native plants were first installed on this site in early 2020, and since then, with just a little watering to get established, and in spite of the fire and high summer heat, the plants have been thriving! These aren’t just any plants. By definition native plants are adapted to where they live. So they are adapted to our hot dry summers and mild winters. And, since our native pollinators evolved with them over millions of years, they often serve the native pollinators best, especially the caterpillars of butterflies and moths that are not able to eat non-native plants. As part of our pollinator counts, I had the opportunity to work with two other volunteers, Karin Wares and Eva Theimann. The three of us, with Kristina Lefever, all learned together. Although it doesn’t take much experience to understand this fairly simple process, I decided to ask Karin and Eva what they thought of our counts and what they learned. Karin, Cindy, and Eva, counting in 2021, photo by K. Lefever Here’s what Karin had to say: Cindy (CH): What made you decide to get involved in the pollinator counts at the Pollination Place? Karin (KW): I wanted to extend my energies a little beyond my own gardens. I started doing the counts at PPRV because I wanted to support the efforts being made locally to focus on and support pollinators. I’ve been aware of their plight and concerned about the threat to these amazing little creatures. CH: What involvement have you had with pollinators in the past? KW: Since painting our endemic Franklin's Bumblebee for Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife’s habitat conservation project I found myself having more exposure to what’s going on locally in this realm and began getting more acquainted with Pollinator Project Rogue Valley. CH: How difficult is it exactly to count pollinators? KW: We use a science based procedure to document their presence methodically, using the Pollinator Monitoring Data Sheet, which is adapted from a data collection document created by the Xerces Society. On this form, we record information about current conditions–temperature, percentage of cloud cover and wind speed. Ideal conditions for pollinators include clear to partly cloudy skies, temperature above 60 degrees but not too hot, and minimal winds. The garden in front of The Pollination Place is 100 feet by 6 feet. Generally 2 people will perform the observations, and another volunteer will record their findings on the data sheet. Someone also takes pictures of the pollinators and their plants. Two surveys lasting 7.5 minutes each are conducted moving from north to south, first on the upper part of the garden then the lower, so as not to cast a shadow, which can frighten the insects off the flowers, making them hard to follow. We try not to count the same insect twice, because we want to count the total number of insects. This is one reason to have more than one observer. The procedure is regimented because it is important to be able to repeat the exercise exactly the same way each time it is carried out. In doing so we are able to accurately compare the findings from month to month and year to year. Anytime there are plants in flower, a count can be carried out. In 2021, we have counted April through September. With the chart and a little familiarity with the plants and the insects, it’s something that can be done easily. Along with photo documentation, it’s a contribution to “citizen science” which has become such a boon in these times regarding the tracking and documentation of threatened species of many kinds. (Here is our Pollinator Count album of some of the photos we've collected.) Eva is ready to take a photo, 2021 CH: What do you enjoy about counting the pollinators? KW: I love the community engagement of sharing our nerdy excitement over spotting different species and identification. It’s a fun way to get out and connect with like minded people and learn more about the kinds of pollinators in our Valley. CH: Do you have a favorite insect pollinator? KW: I think my favorite insect pollinators are the native bees because of their astonishing diversity and varied specializations. For example, bumble bees have either short, medium or long tongues. It is the length of the tongue that determines which flowers they can pollinate. And as far as sheer personality and character go, bumblebees and hummingbirds are my delight. 🐝 Eva’s reason for counting pollinators at the Pollination Place was somewhat different. CH: What made you want to participate in pollination counts? (Eva) ET: I had learned about the importance of pollinators from the Xerces Society, but I didn’t realize that there could be native bees in the city! So I wanted to see for myself. And also learn something new from knowledgeable people. CH: What is the process for counting pollinators? ET: The actual surveying of the insects only lasts 15 minutes, but then you see things that you hadn’t noticed before, and everybody shares what they observed when the process is done. So all in all it takes about an hour. The results are tabulated and entered into a database. Since the plants are only a couple of years old, we hope as they grow there will be more flowers and shelter for the insects. More habitat, more flowers means more pollinators! CH: When you count the insects, what do you see? ET: There are many insects that are pollinators, including butterflies and many different types of bees, not just honeybees. There are so many kinds of native bees that we see: mason bees, metallic sweat bees, bumble bees. I learned about a bee I had never seen before, called a wool carder bee. There is a plant called Lamb’s Ears that has very soft fuzz on the surface of the leaves. This bee uses the fuzz for her nest! Two Wool Carder bees, mating! , photo by C. Harper CH: What seems to happen to the pollinators from month to month? ET: As different plants come into flower and other flowers die back, this impacts which pollinators we see. That way we can detect the fluctuations in insect numbers, especially year to year, and the variety of insects. CH: What did you notice when counting the insects? ET: I noticed that certain insects only pollinate certain plants, because they have a relationship to one another, that is they evolved together, like the monarch caterpillar and milkweed, and the wool carder bee and fuzzy leaved plants. Most people know that milkweed is the only plant monarch caterpillars can eat. So it is important that we provide plants that are native to our area, to support the insects that are also native. Did you know honey bees are not native, but rather are imported from Europe? CH: Do you have a favorite insect? ET: All insects are important, so I don’t have a favorite. I spent time in Alaska and I grew up in Latvia, where mosquitos abound. I learned to think of mosquitos as just part of the scenery! CH: There are many pollinator gardens in our area. Do you think gardeners and pollinator enthusiasts could count pollinators in their home gardens or at other community gardens? ET: I don’t see why it couldn’t be used anywhere. Pollinator Counts are an easy and fun project that anyone Grey Hairstreak, photo by E. Theimann could do in their own yard or anywhere at any time. Because pollinators are active from Spring until Fall, it’s important to have plants that flower throughout the growing season, and even into the winter. There are many great resources for purchasing native plants if you are looking to do some planting this year. Performing pollinator counts takes just a bit of training. What a great excuse to get together with friends and do some citizen science! 🐝 CH: We have enjoyed doing the counts, and talking about the insects and plants we see, and have learned a lot! Oftentimes, even though the count has concluded, our bug-eyes are still ‘on’, and so we often see other things happening in the garden. After one count had ended, I saw a drab bee cruising just above the decomposed granite. It appeared to be a ground nesting digger bee excavating the granite dust to dig a brood chamber to lay her eggs! That was quite exciting for all of us. Pollinator counts are easy and fun, and anyone can do them in their own yard at any time. If you are interested in learning more about pollinator counts, or helping us develop our Pollinator Count Program, send us an email here. Or stop in at The Pollination Place between noon and 3. We’ll see what we might see on the plants and flowers in our gardens! Digger or leaf cutter bee excavating a nest in sidewalk crack, photo by C. Harper

  • Getting Into Gardening

    by Doranne Long, PT When spring is in the air, it is tempting to dive into yard work and gardening. Here are a few tips from a physical therapist. Start with 15-20 minutes of any activity; stop when fatigued and avoid pain. Continuing to work when fatigued may cause pain, strains, or tendonitis. Avoid repetitive motions e.g. pruning, weeding, raking, shoveling; take frequent breaks. It is easier to avoid painful conditions than to treat them. Bracing can be helpful; especially to prevent thumb pain, or use a forearm cuff to prevent elbow tendonitis. Use good body mechanics when raking, sweeping, digging; lift with the legs. Avoid prolonged bending. Try several back bends after being bent forward to decrease back pain and to stretch hip flexor muscles. Stretch before and after gardening; avoid stiffness by continuing with light activities, rather than with prolonged sitting. Remain well hydrated; drink plenty of water before, during, and after gardening. Be aware - weather changes, changes in the barometer with increased or decreased air pressure, affects the body and can cause aches and stiffness. Ice, heat, pillows, and positioning are all helpful to decrease pain and swelling. Ice is nice to decrease pain, swelling and bruising. Use ice 3-5x/day for up to 20 minutes. Heat is best used to decrease stiffness e.g. heated rice sock, heating pad, hot shower or soaking in a hot tub. Rice sock: Put 2 pounds of uncooked rice into a long sock; tie/sew closed. Heat in microwave about 2 minutes or until comfortably warm. Can be frozen and used as an ice pack. Body’s rules: If increased motion with decreased pain, can continue. If decreased motion with increased pain, stop! Gardening, in moderation, can be great fun, relaxing, and therapeutic. Enjoy!! Doranne Long is a member of the Oregon Native Plant Society, Siskiyou Chapter, and a physical therapist. Author of Your Body Book Guide to Better Body Motion with Less Pain, Doranne is passionate about helping others successfully manage their health.

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  • Gifts | pollinatorprojectroguevalley

    GIFTS These items are available at our office. Come by, or call to make an appointment. Thank you for your donation and support! The Rogue Valley Pollinator Anthology $40.00 or $70.00 ​ This amazing 300+ page, 8x10" soft-cover book is a community literary arts project envisioned by our friends Eden Orlando and Rebeca Ramm to support Pollinator Project Rogue Valley! More than a beautiful art book, with articles and facts about each of the pollinators and their role in our local ecology, plus children's activities, resources, and more, this book is educational too - we want everyone to have one! Purchase your Pollinator Anthology at Pollinator Project Rogue Valley's office and other venues to be announced! Choose the $70 version for signatures from the editors and improved image quality. Pollinator Anthology Sticker $3.00 ​ Ya gotta have the sticker too! Buy a couple for your friends! All purpose 3" round sticker. Tell the World! $20.00 ​ Our beautiful 16x9.5 metal yard sign tells the town that your yard is a safe haven for pollinators. Thank you for supporting our work to save the pollinators! Seeds! $4.00 ​ Seeds grown locally, with 100% of the donation benefiting PPRV! Most of the seeds are from our Main Street Garden in Phoenix, and all are native to this region! Plant a little love for the Pollinators! Most of these seeds are best sown in the fall and winter months. Learn more about these plants with our Native Plant Pollinator Garden Guide! Native Plant Pollinator Garden Guide! $15 .00 ​ This Garden Guide is also available for your self-guided tour of our Main Street Garden - visit often to see how the garden changes with the seasons! This Garden Guide would not have been possible without the dedication of our awesome Pollinteer, Pete Gonvalzes, who contributed many hours of research in addition to his expertise. Now into it's second year, we are pleased to offer seeds for sale from the garden, too! Butterfly Diversity! $30.00 ​ This amazing 24x30 poster by local artist Deb Van Poolen is not only beautiful, it is educational as well. Depicting 40 species of butterflies, the key identifies these species that call Southern Oregon home. Visit Deb's website here . Backyard Bees of North America $15.00 ​ OK, this is a few of the 4,000 species -- only 130, or 3% of all bee species in North America -- each pictured at 5x their actual size. But it highlights the amazing diversity of bee species in this country - from the carpenter bee (Xylocopa), to the tiny fairy bees (Perdita). Many thanks to Dr. Olivia Carril and Dr. Joe Wilson of The Bees in Your Backyard ! Native Pollinator Plants for Southern Oregon $15.00 This 'little' book is an excellent resource for learning about some of the best pollinator plants that grow here in our region. Thank you, Suzie Savoie of Klamath Siskiyou Native Seeds , for donating a portion of each book sold to PPRV! $15.00 ​ Bumble Bees of Southwest Oregon ​ ​ Thanks to Vesper Meadow for creating this excellent 40-page field guide, a great resource for beginning and seasoned naturalists alike. This pocket-sized booklet measures 4” x 6,” and has waterproof covers and a spiral-wire binding, making it durable and easy to bring along in the field.

  • Pollinator Project Rogue Valley

    SAVING THE POLLINATORS ONE POLLINATOR GARDEN AT A TIME! Click here for Resources about pollinators, gardens and more! Stay up to date with The Pollinator Times here! Looking & Learning: A Pollinator Adventure on Mt. Ashland Sunday, July 10, 2022 10:00 AM – 2:00 PM ​ Join us for a hike on Mt Ashland to explore pollination ecology and the role of pollinators in the environment. Our focus will be on pollinators with an emphasis on bees, and the flowers they depend on. We will also observe other wildlife and the ecosystem they share. Co-sponsored with Native Plant Society of Oregon, Siskiyou Chapter. Learn more and register here . We invite you to join us to help communities and landscapes work together to create and support diverse ecosystems rich with native plants and thriving wild pollinators. Pick Up A Garden Guide! We are thrilled with the success of the native plants growing in our pollinator garden in front of our office in downtown Phoenix! Click here to learn more about this garden and watch a few videos about some of the native plants we have highlighted. Our hot-off-the-press Garden Guide is now available for your self-guided tour. The Guide explains the 31 plant species growing in the garden and provides information about the pollinators they support. You are invited to visit often to see how the garden changes with the seasons, and of course we are always looking for volunteers! This Garden Guide would not have been possible without the dedication of our awesome Pollinteer, Pete Gonzalves, who contributed many hours of research in addition to his expertise. These Guides are available for sale - see our Gift Center for more information! Get on the Buzzway! Our Rogue Buzzway Project is mapping pollinator-friendly places to identify the pollinator corridors that run through the Rogue Valley. We will never share your information. Ever. Bee Informed! Sign up for The Pollinator Times, our mostly-monthly e-newsletter! Have a Question? Have an Idea? Let us know! Thanks for you support! First Name * Last Name * Email * City * Message Thank you for signing on! Send Pollinator Anthology / Anthologia de Polinizadores ​ Thank you everyone who visited the Pollinator Anthology gallery show at Catalyst Ashland Gallery in May and June! What an incredible show of just some of the paintings, photos, sculptures, poetry, and even a song, that are part of the 300 page Pollinator Anthology publication! We so enjoyed meeting the contributors, learning about the stories behind the art, and how this show has been meaningful to them. The Pollinator Anthology publication is more than a beautiful art book! With articles and facts about each of the pollinators and their role in our local ecology, plus children's activities, resources, and more, this 8x10 300-page book is educational too - we want everyone to have one! Purchase your Pollinator Anthology at Pollinator Project Rogue Valley's office at 312 N. Main St. Suite B, Phoenix, OR and other venues to be announced soon! Click here to view our photo albums from the wonderful opening on May's First Friday at the Catalyst Ashland Gallery, the second First Friday in June, and our first Celebration and Publishing Event on June 18! Great art and great people! These sponsor organizations and businesses are part of the legacy of raising awareness about pollinators and their critical role for the native ecology in the Rogue Valley! Thank You Sponsors! Please share this wonderful project! Proceeds from the sale of the published anthology will benefit Pollinator Project Rogue Valley. Enjoy this sneak peek of the Pollinator Anthology! We are honored to be part of this amazing project created by our friends, Eden and Rebeca. And even more honored to have been selected as the recipient of this beautiful vision for the community. ~ Kristina, Pat, Cecile, and Arti ​

  • Pollinator Anthology | pollinatorprojectroguevalley

    Pollinator Anthology Anthologia de Polinizadores "Dear Pollinator Anthology team - My wife and I stopped by the exhibit at Catalyst today. So beautiful! You did a terrific job of grouping and hanging. And we enjoyed getting to see your own creations as well. Thank you!" ~ Matt Witt, contributor "The Rogue Valley Pollinator Anthology is gorgeous and impressive, and I'm so happy to be a part of it!" ~~ Suzie Savoie, contributor and Klamath Siskiyou Native Seeds, sponsor Save the Dates! June 18 1pm to 5pm June 25 5pm to 9pm Thank you to our awesome sponsors for helping us to meet and exceed our goal! With over $4,700 in sponsorships, and another $800 from donors, we are set to publish 200 copies of a 300-page, full color, soft-cover Pollinator Anthology, with funding available for several celebratory events through June! We are honored to share this amazing project created by our friends, Eden and Rebeca. And even more honored to have been selected as the recipient of this beautiful vision for the community. T his Pollinator Anthology will bee-come a legacy of art, education, and opinion, a compilation of the stories we want to share about pollinators and what they mean for our world. ~ the PPRV Board, February 2022 ​ These sponsor organizations and businesses are part of the legacy of raising awareness about pollinators and their critical role for the native ecology in the Rogue Valley! ​ This creative arts anthology is one in a series of anthologies honoring important topics in the Rogue Valley. Pollinators are our past, present, and future. This anthology is a compilation of original work that honors our pollinators and their importance in our local ecology, provides education, celebrates our progress, and highlights opportunities for stewardship in our beloved community. ​ Proceeds from the sale of the published Anthology will benefit Pollinator Project Rogue Valley. All authors, artists, and organizations retain their copyright. Some of the work included in the published Pollinator Anthology is on display at the Catalyst Ashland Gallery during May and June 2022! The show has been beautifully arranged by Rebeca Ramm, Cynthia Michael, and Shoshanah Dubiner, with excellent assistance and support from Precious, Andres and their team at the Gallery. ​ The opening night on First Friday May 6 was a wonderful success, followed by another wonderful community gathering during the second First Friday on June 3 . The show remains in place at Catalyst until June 27, with the book release and other special events happening in June. Enjoy the photo album from the wonderful Celebration and Publishing Event on Saturday June 18 here . We are looking forward to June 25! ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ Please share this information with anyone in the community who might be interested in this unique and first-ever Pollinator Anthology! Sincerely, Eden Orlando Rebeca Ramm Editors ABOUT THE EDITORS: Eden Orlando Artist, Poet, Bookmaker Rebeca Ramm Fine Arts and Art Administration POLLINATOR PROJECT ROGUE VALLEY Pollinator Project is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, envisioning communities and landscapes working together to support diverse ecosystems rich with native plants and thriving wild pollinators. PREVIOUS ANTHOLOGIES: Oregon Wildfires Anthology focuses on the Almeda Fires of September 2020. This anthology was published in August 2021 by Eden Orlando; hard copies were provided free to the public, and can be viewed for free online. Both contributors and community members alike attended an outdoor event to share, grieve, and honor each other to help process this traumatic experience in a safe, cathartic space. For a full page preview, click the link: Pollinator Anthology is the second anthology in this series.

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